ADS & ODS 1990


PREP Takes The Next Step (March 1990)
Philippine Labor Export and the Middle East (October 1990)


PREP Takes The Next Step

by Gina Vergara-Bautista

For the past two summers OM, in conjunction with the Colleges of Engineering and Education with assistance from the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor and Operation Kua'ana, has been coordinating the Pre-Freshman Engineering Program. Conceived as a summer program, PREP has turned into a year long project. OM TRCRs have been assign, when convenient, to PREP students who need academic assistance during the school year. It is anticipated that PREP students will be able to function as peer role models for their own classmates.

Over the past year, the program's goals and emphases were reevaluated since some students had expressed career interests other than in engineering. A future move toward general science was planned. This past year, federal funding through the College of Engineering was not renewed. This gave the go ahead to restructure the program. The name PREP will remain, since the program has a good track record, but it will now refer to the Pre-Freshman Enrichment Project.

Unlike the previous two PREP classes, this year's twenty seventh graders will participate in portions of a separate federally-funded project, the Hawaii Summer Academy. The forty returning eighth and ninth grade students will participate in a curriculum emphasizing the basic sciences. More involvement with university science faculty as guest lecturers and mentors are planned. As before, cultural awareness is a significant part of the new curriculum. Since PREP no longer receives federal funding, OM has embarked on a fund-raising campaign to supplement funds already ear- marked for PREP. For more information, please contact our office.

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Philippine Labor Export and the Middle East

by Romeo Asuncion

The Middle East Crisis not only affects oil dependent first world countries like the United States, United Kingdom, and France; but it also greatly affects the Philippines who have thousands of labor workers based there. Yes, contrary to popular belief the Middle East employs hundreds of thousands of labor workers, way more than the United States. With the Middle East Crisis going on, what is in store for these overseas laborers?

This subject matter was touched upon during a special lecture by Dean Alegado on Sept. 27, 1990, at 12:30 in Moore 423 on the University of Hawaii-Manoa Campus. The pros and cons of an export labor industry were discussed.

The Philippines, like most other country including ours has an external debt in the billions. With the Marcos government overthrow in 1986, the new Aquino government faced many problems with the Philippine economy; one of the main problems was coming up with solutions to the increasing rate of unemployment. The Marcos alternative was to send Filipino workers abroad. This way the government would not need to create new jobs and an apparent decrease in unemployment will be seen. The people will have less to complain about to the government due to the apparent decrease in unemployment and with the economy apparently taking a turn for the better, but in reality, the economy remains at a constant level of productivity and economic output. With the economy held constant over a number of years, what will happen to the economy if the people working overseas decide to return by the numbers?

Those benefiting a Philippine export labor industry has been reaping its rewards for years. But now, with the Middle East Crisis, the government will face tough times with the thousands of labor workers flooding back to the unimproved job market and economy of the Philippines.

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