The Philippine Revolution

Bibliography: The Philippine Revolution

Achutegui, Pedro S. de, S.J. and Bernad, Miguel, S. J. Aguinaldo and the Revolution of 1896: A Documentary History. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1972.


A chronologically-arranged compilation of documents covering the first two years of the Philippine Revolution. English translations accompany the original text, and each document contains a brief introduction about the source and its historical setting.

Agoncillo, Teodoro. The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan Quezon City: University of the Philippines, 1955.


Employing a class struggle analysis, this is the most extensive and cited work on the biography of Andres Bonifacio and the history of the Katipunan. It covers events in the first phase of the Philippine Revolution, from the founding of the Katipunan to the execution of Bonifacio in the hands of the ilustrados or middle class.

______. The Writings and Trial of Andres Bonifacio. Manila: Bonifacio Centennial Commission, 1963.


Contains the literary writings of Andres Bonifacio. It also includes the proceedings and documents on the farcical trial of Andres Bonifacio for sedition and treason.

______. Malolos: The Crisis of the Republic. (Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1960.


Covering the second phase of the Philippine Revolution, Agoncillo concludes that the ascendancy of the ilustrados, or middle class, sealed the fate of the Revolution. They betrayed the masses and the revolution.

Aguinaldo, Emilio. My Memoirs. Translated by Luz Colendrino-Bucu. Manila, 1967.


Written in the twilight of his years, Emilio Aguinaldo reminisces on his leadership during the Revolution. Expectedly, he washes his hands of the tragic death of Andres Bonifacio.

Milagros C. Guerrero, "The Provincial and Municipal Elites of Luzon During the Revolution, 1898-1902," Alfred McCoy and Ed de Jesus (editors), Philippine Social History: Global Trade and Local Transformations. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1982, pp. 155-190.


In this essay, Guerrero contends that the actions of the local elites of Luzon during the Revolution was based primarily on their class and personal interests.

Ileto, Reynaldo. Pasyon and Revolution: Popular Movements in the Philippines, 1840-1910. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1979.


In this widely praised, ground-breaking work, Ileto utilizes the Pasyon, the story of the life and death of Jesus Christ, to probe the psyche of the Filipinos and to explain the persistence of social movements in Philippines history.

Kasaysayan: The Story of the Filipino People. Vol 5: "The Reform and Revolution." Manila: Asia Publishing Co.: Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader’s Digest, 1998.


Kasaysayan is a ten volume account of the history of the Philippines by leading Filipino historians and scholars. Volume 5 is a comprehensive and analytical account of the ilustrado-led Reform Movement and the Katipunan-initiated Philippine Revolution.

Majul, Cesar. The Political and Constitutional Ideas of the Philippine Revolution. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1957.


In this book, Majul asserts that the Philippine Revolution was not a purposeless upheaval; rather, its philosophy can be traced to the ideas of the French Enlightenment and, in fact, it drew inspiration from the revolutions in Europe and the Americas.

May, Glenn. Inventing a Hero: The Posthumous Re-creation of Andres Bonifacio. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1997.


In this highly controversial work, May concludes that the popularly accepted interpretations of Andres Bonifacio are mere creations of nationalist historians.

Rizal, Jose. Noli Me Tangere. Translated by Soledad Lacson-Locsin. Quezon City: Bookmark, 1996; Hawaii: University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1997.


This is the most recent and faithful English translation of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere. It is the story of the reformist Crisostomo Ibarra who, upon his return to the Philippines from his studies in Europe, was faced with the oppressive and decadent Spanish institutions.

_________. El Filibusterismo. Translated by Soledad Lacson-Locsin. Quezon City: Bookmark, 1996; Hawaii: University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1997.


Locsin continues her translation of Jose Rizal’s magnum opus in this sequel to Noli Me Tangere. The story of El Filibusterismo revolves around the efforts of Simoun, the returning and disguised Crisostomo of Noli Me Tangere, to exact revenge against the Spaniards by initiating a revolution.

Schumacher, John H., S.J., The Propaganda Movement, 1880-1895: The Creation of a Filipino Consciousness, The Making of the Revolution. Revised edition. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1997.


This is the definitive work on the writings and activities of the leading ilustrados (middle class) who founded the Propaganda Movement in Europe and campaigned for Spanish reforms in the Philippines.

Soriano, Rafaelita Hilario (editor). Women in the Philippine Revolution. Quezon City: Printon Press, 1995.


This slim work fills an important gap in the account of the Philippine Revolution. It presents the invaluable and diverse contributions of Filipino women during the Revolution by looking at the heroics of prominent women.